The Three Types of Phrasal Verbs

Flag
Nico Dwyer英語
2018年5月24日
35
1 分鐘
Phrasal verbs are, for some students, the most difficult vocabulary to tackle in English. This is because, ultimately, they just have to be memorised as they often don’t make sense at all. Why does ‘get up’ mean to move out of bed after waking up, ‘get down’ mean to dance, ‘get away’ mean to escape, ‘get in’ mean to enter a space (i.e. a car) or to arrive depending on context…? The list goes on endlessly.

But it’s not just meaning that needs to be learned but also the form. Here is some help in beginning to come to terms with the grammar of those dreaded phrasal verbs.

No object

Some phrasal verbs have no object, for example, ‘get up’. You don’t ‘get up bed’ or ‘get bed up’, you simply get up. Others in this list include ‘wake up’, ‘throw up’, ‘shut up’, ‘break down’, ‘catch on’, ‘dress up’, ‘eat out’, ‘pass out’, and ‘go back’.

Separable with an object

There are two types of phrasal verbs with an object: separable or inseparable. If the phrasal verb is separable this means that when you use the noun it can go between the verb and particle (adverb or preposition) or after the particle. For example, you can ‘take the rubbish out’ (between) or ‘take out the rubbish’ (after). When using the pronoun, the pronoun must go between. You cannot say ‘take out it’; you must say ‘take it out’.

Other examples in this list include ‘turn on/off’, ‘turn up/down’, ‘give up’, ‘give away’, ‘look up’, ‘set up’.

Inseparable with an object

In the final case, the phrasal verb has an object but is inseparable. This means that the object always goes after the verb and particle even when it’s a pronoun. So, for example, if you have to ‘look after the children’, you ‘look after them’. You do not ‘look them after’.

Other examples include ‘look forward to’, ‘look for’,’ ‘get on with’, and ‘take account of’.

This means that until it becomes natural through hearing and speaking you have to memorise the phrasal verbs and their categories. Additionally (and unfortunately for learners) most native English speakers consider phrasal verbs ‘easy’ language because they’re small words that we often use with children. So they may opt to use phrasal verbs rather than a big word, assuming that the big word is more difficult.
$23.00
USD/小時

Nico

Flag
(398)
$23.00
USD/小時
message
Flag
英語
globe
美國
time
551
英語
母語
,
義大利語
B2
,
法語
A1
,
西班牙語
A1
My name is Nico and I'm American. Please see my resume for the specific details of my qualifications and experience as a TEFL teacher. I have a lot of experience teaching children, teenagers, and adults, most of whom went on to take CEFR exams (whether British Institutes, IELTS, or Cambridge). Because of this experience, and also the experience of running my own school, I have a good sense of how fast students can develop their language skills and how to keep moving forward in the process of language learning. For me, it is essential that students are well-rounded, which means they need to work on the various parts of a language – reading, listening, speaking, pronunciation, writing, and grammar. Unfortunately, a lot of students focus on one or two of these areas at school, leaving gaps in their education. It’s important to have lessons completely in English, but it does help reduce a student’s stress level at times if they are completely stuck and can revert back to their original language. In these cases, I speak Italian, if it’s of any additional help. Furthermore, knowing the common Italian mistakes often helps with Spanish and French students because at times the vocabulary and grammatical structures are similar. *Please note that I do not do two-hour lessons.
Flag
英語
globe
美國
time
551
英語
母語
,
義大利語
B2
,
法語
A1
,
西班牙語
A1
My name is Nico and I'm American. Please see my resume for the specific details of my qualifications and experience as a TEFL teacher. I have a lot of experience teaching children, teenagers, and adults, most of whom went on to take CEFR exams (whether British Institutes, IELTS, or Cambridge). Because of this experience, and also the experience of running my own school, I have a good sense of how fast students can develop their language skills and how to keep moving forward in the process of language learning. For me, it is essential that students are well-rounded, which means they need to work on the various parts of a language – reading, listening, speaking, pronunciation, writing, and grammar. Unfortunately, a lot of students focus on one or two of these areas at school, leaving gaps in their education. It’s important to have lessons completely in English, but it does help reduce a student’s stress level at times if they are completely stuck and can revert back to their original language. In these cases, I speak Italian, if it’s of any additional help. Furthermore, knowing the common Italian mistakes often helps with Spanish and French students because at times the vocabulary and grammatical structures are similar. *Please note that I do not do two-hour lessons.

您可能會喜歡這些文章

10 tips to learn greek!
Alkiviadis Peios
2018年11月12日
Symbol of Thailand...Buffaloes ^^
Amara Marine
2018年11月12日