Dad! the car was destroyed! - Using the passive voice part two

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Ryan Soule英語
2018年3月13日
105
4 分鐘
<h2>The Passive Voice</h2>
<br>
<p>
Do you remember the story about time I destroyed my dad’s car? When it happened my father was at work so I did not tell him until he arrived home. And while he was working I was trying to think of a million excuses I could tell him to avoid getting into trouble! In the end I told him the truth, that I had destroyed the car. <b>BUT</b>, I could have changed the sentence to avoid punishment. In English we call this a HALF TRUTH. Imagine my situation for example, I could have said, “Dad, the car has been destroyed.” In this sentence I am only telling my dad HALF of the story. <b>I DID NOT tell my father I WAS RESPONSIBLE</b>. I only told him WHAT happened.
</p>
<p>
<a href="https://www.verbling.com/articles/post/dad-the-car-was-destroyed-using-the-pass">In part 1</a> we talked about how to use the passive voice, where we see the passive voice and how to make the passive voice in the simple and continuous tenses.</p>
<u>Some things to remember are:</u><br><br>
<ul>
<li>In the passive voice <b>WHAT HAPPENS</b> is more important than <b>WHO DID IT</b></li>
<li>We see it mostly in writing BUT when speaking we use it <b>to not get in trouble</b>!</li>
<li>We might not know WHO is responsible (by <b>person</b> or <b>thing</b> IS NOT necessary)</li>
<li>The form doesn’t change; </li>
<ul>
<li><b>Subject</b> + <b>TO BE verb</b> [conjugated] + <b>past participle</b> + [the rest of the sentence] </li>
</ul>
<li>For the negative, just add ‘NOT’ with the TO BE verb: </li>
<ul>
<li>The car was <b>NOT</b> destroyed. </li>
<li>The car is <b>NOT</b> destroyed. </li>
<li>The car will NOT be destroyed. </li>
<li>The examples above were <b>NOT</b> created with too much difficulty. </li>
</ul>
</ul>
<br>
<h2>From ACTIVE to PASSIVE</h2>
<br>
<p>
By now you should be confident using the passive voice in the simple and continuous tenses but, let’s quickly look at how you can change a sentence from the active voice to the passive voice. Look at these sentences:
</p>
<center>
DAAAAADDD! I destroyed <b>the car</b>!
<br>and<br>
DAAAAADDD! <b>The car</b> was destroyed!
</center>
<br>
<p>
In the active sentence the car <b>is the object</b> but in the passive sentence the car <b>is the subject</b>. So to change the sentence from active to passive, follow the steps below:
<p/>
<table>
<tr>
<th>Steps</th>
<th>Example</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Take <b>the object</b> from the active sentence</td>
<td> I <u>will write</u> <b>a book</b>!</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Put the object at the beginning of your new sentence</td>
<td><b>A book…</b></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td> Add the conjugated TO BE verb</td>
<td><b>A book</b> WILL BE…</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>And then the past participle of the <u>verb</u> in the active sentence </td>
<td><b>A book</b> WILL BE <u>written</u>. </td>
</tr>
</table>
<br>
<u>For Example</u>:
<table>
<tr>
<th>Active</th>
<th>Passive</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>The cow <u>jumped</u> over <b>the moon</b>.</td>
<td><b>The moon</b> WAS <u>jumped</u> over by the cow</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>James IS <u>making</u> <b>many mistakes</b>.</td>
<td><b>Many mistakes</b> ARE BEING <u>made</u>. </td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>J.K Rowling WILL <u>write</u> <b>another book</b>.</td>
<td><b>Another book</b> WILL BE <u>written</u> by J.K. Rowling.</td>
</tr>
</table>
<br>
<h2>THE PERFECT TENSES</h2>
<br>
<p>
Firstly, let’s recap the perfect tense. We use it when we are talking about something in the past BUT, we don’t know exactly when it was. In the present perfect, there is a relationship between the past and now. For example: I have destroyed the car already. In this sentence an action happened in the past but there is still an effect now. In the past perfect there is a relationship between two times, normally in the same sentence: When my dad got home from work, I had destroyed the car already. The perfect tense is the thing that happened before the other thing, in my example, the car was destroyed and then my dad arrived home from work. These same rules apply in the passive voice as well.
</p>
<br>
<table>
<tr>
<th>Tense</th>
<th>Subject</th>
<th><center>+ to be verb<br>[conjugated]</th>
<th><center>+ verb<br>[past participle]</th>
<th><center>+ bla bla bla...<br>[the rest]</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><b>past perfect</b></td>
<td>The car</td>
<td>had not been</td>
<td>destroyed!</td>
<td>yet*!</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td></td>
<td>The people</td>
<td>had [not] been</td>
<td>eaten</td>
<td>by zombies!</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><b>present perfect</b></td>
<td>The car</td>
<td>has been</td>
<td>destroyed!</td>
<td>already*!</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td></td>
<td>The people</td>
<td>have [not] been</td>
<td>eaten</td>
<td>by zombies!</td>
</tr>
</table>
<br>
*<b>YET</b> or <b>ALEADY</b>? - In negative sentences you use <b>YET</b> and in positive sentences you use <b>ALREADY</b>.

<u>Some tips to remember!</u>
<ul>
<li>Use the perfect tense when there is a relationship between two different times</li>
<li>YET is for negative sentences and ALREADY is for positive sentences</li>
</ul>
<br>
<h2>SPECIAL CASES</h2>
<br>
<p>
In English there are always special cases, the first one we will look at is verbs that have more than one object. For example: He teaches <b>physics</b> to <b>high school kids</b>. In this example the objects are both physics and high school kids and it is possible to make two sentences in the passive voice:
</p>
<ul>
<li><b>High school kids</b> are taught <b>physics</b>. </li>
<li><b>Physics</b> is taught to <b>high school kids</b>. </li>
</ul>
Other examples of <u>verbs</u> like this are:
<br>
<br>
<table>
<tr>
<td>[to give] The Zookeeper <u>gives</u> <b>a banana</b> to <b>the monkey</b>.</td>
<td><b>The monkey</b> IS <u>given</u> <b>a banana</b>. <br> <b>A banana</b> IS <u>given</u> to <b>the monkey</b>.</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>[to offer] The university <u>offered</u> <b>classes</b> to <b>everyone</b>.</td>
<td><b>Classes</b> WERE <u>offered</u> to <b>everyone</b>.<br> <b>Everyone</b> WAS <u>offered</u> <b>classes</b></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>[to show] They WERE <u>showing</u> <b>the animals</b> to <b>people</b>.</td>
<td><b>The animals</b> WERE BEING <u>shown</u> to <b>people</b>.<br>
<b>People</b> WERE BEING <u>shown</u> <b>the animals</b>.
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>[to pay] The boss WILL <u>pay</u> <b>$2000</b> to <b>the team</b>. </td>
<td><b>$2000</b> WILL BE <u>paid</u> to <b>the team</b>.<br>
<b>The team</b> WILL BE <u>paid</u> <b>$2000</b>.
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>[to ask] She HAD <u>asked</u> <b>the manager</b> for <b>some help</b>.</td>
<td><b>Some help</b> HAD BEEN <u>asked</u> for from <b>the manager</b>.<br>
<b>The manager</b> HAD BEEN <u>asked</u> for <b>some help</b>.
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>[to tell] He <u>tells</u> <b>his problems</b> to <b>all the people</b>. </td>
<td><b>All the people</b> ARE <u>told</u> <b>his problems</b>.<br>
<b>His problems</b> ARE <u>told</u> to <b>all the people</b>.</b>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<br>
<p>
And finally ‘GET’… this verb is possibly the most confusing one of all because it has many meanings. ‘GET’ is used mostly in informal speech and in the passive voice you can use ‘GET’ instead of ‘BE’. However, we can only use ‘GET’ when something happens for example:
<ul>
<li>The car GOT destroyed! = the car WAS destroyed!</li>
<li>I didn’t GET yelled at when I destroyed dad’s car. = I WASN’T yelled at…</li>
<li>I don’t GET invited to many parties = I’M NOT invited to many parties. </li>
<li>There was a fight at the party, but nobody GOT hurt. = … nobody WAS hurt [by the fight] </li>
</ul>
</p>
<br>
<h2>THE PASSIVE VOICE IS UNDERSTOOD BY ALL! </h2>
<br>
<p>
And that my friends is EVERYTHING you need to know about the passive voice, where it’s used, what it’s used for and how it’s made. Just remember, <b>PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT</b> so if you have any questions you can leave a comment below or book a class with me and I can help you.</p>
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BE HAPPY AND SPEAK ENGLISH 😁 Hey folks! Thanks for checking out my teacher profile. First things first, you can call me Ryan while we're communicating, no need to say "sir", "teacher" or "teacher Ryan"... I'm very relaxed and easy-going. Normally I do regular 45-minute conversation classes but if is there anything special you want to work on we can do that too. Before a class with me, I will send you a topic for discussion, for example, this week it is: The 21st century has begun. What changes do you think this new century will bring? Sometimes there will be a video or article as well! My goal is to make you think in English and then communicate in English. I want you to be a good writer too, so before class, I would like you to write your answer down then I can check your writing and give you feedback on how to improve. After this, we will talk and I will correct you so that you can get better! This method is called the natural approach and it is very effective, especially if you can already speak some English. I learnt Spanish using a similar method and I plan to learn many more languages by doing this. It will help me improve my communication skills and my teaching skills as well. Don't worry if you think you have a low level of English, EVERYONE starts somewhere and I will do my best to fix your mistakes and have you speaking confidently quickly! If you have any questions you can message me and I will answer them quickly, I look forward to seeing you soon! Ryan *****ALL OF MY CLASSES ARE 45-minute CONVERSATION CLASSES***** *****IMPROVE GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY WHILE YOU PRACTICE YOUR ENGLISH SKILLS*****
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BE HAPPY AND SPEAK ENGLISH 😁 Hey folks! Thanks for checking out my teacher profile. First things first, you can call me Ryan while we're communicating, no need to say "sir", "teacher" or "teacher Ryan"... I'm very relaxed and easy-going. Normally I do regular 45-minute conversation classes but if is there anything special you want to work on we can do that too. Before a class with me, I will send you a topic for discussion, for example, this week it is: The 21st century has begun. What changes do you think this new century will bring? Sometimes there will be a video or article as well! My goal is to make you think in English and then communicate in English. I want you to be a good writer too, so before class, I would like you to write your answer down then I can check your writing and give you feedback on how to improve. After this, we will talk and I will correct you so that you can get better! This method is called the natural approach and it is very effective, especially if you can already speak some English. I learnt Spanish using a similar method and I plan to learn many more languages by doing this. It will help me improve my communication skills and my teaching skills as well. Don't worry if you think you have a low level of English, EVERYONE starts somewhere and I will do my best to fix your mistakes and have you speaking confidently quickly! If you have any questions you can message me and I will answer them quickly, I look forward to seeing you soon! Ryan *****ALL OF MY CLASSES ARE 45-minute CONVERSATION CLASSES***** *****IMPROVE GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY WHILE YOU PRACTICE YOUR ENGLISH SKILLS*****

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